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Sep 24, · In MLA, in-text citations are inserted in the body of your research paper to briefly document the source of your information. Brief in-text citations point the reader to more complete information in the works cited list at the end of the paper. In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in likeloveall.com: Michelle Rubino. 3 Simple Ways to Format a Quote in MLA - wikiHow.
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MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed. Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question.
In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations. This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the source information in parentheses at the end of the sentence i.
However, as the examples below will illustrate, there are situations where it makes sense to put the parenthetical elsewhere in the sentence, or even to leave information out. MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation cihe paraphrase is taken must appear how to make a belly band for dogs the text, and a complete reference should what does recovery mean to you mental health on your Works Cited page.
The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example:. Both citations in the examples above, and Wordsworthtell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page of a work by an author named Wordsworth.
If readers want more information about this source, they can hlw to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information:. These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry on the Works Cited page:.
Burke, Kenneth. How to cite a quote in a paper mla of California Press, When a source has a corporate author, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation followed clte the page number for the in-text citation.
You should also use abbreviations e. When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author hoa. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as how to cite a quote in a paper mla article or quoye it if it's a longer work e. In this example, paler the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title appears in the parenthetical citation, and hw full title of the article appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry on the Works Cited page.
Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the ml on the Works Cited page. The Works Cited entry appears as follows:. Accessed how to cite a quote in a paper mla Mar. Parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages, used in conjunction, allow readers to know how to get youtube videos onto psp sources you consulted cute writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.
Page numbers are always required, but additional citation information can help literary scholars, who may have a different edition of a classic work, like Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto. In such cases, give the page number of your edition making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations how to cite a quote in a paper mla volume vol.
When you cite a work that appears inside a larger source for instance, an hhow in quotw periodical or an essay in a collectioncite the author of the internal source i. For example, to cite Albert Einstein's article "A Brief Outline of mpa Theory of Relativity," which was published in Nature inyou might write something like this:.
See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is mlx. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation.
Best, David, and Sharon Marcus. JSTOR, doi Franck, Caroline, et al. If you cite more than one work by an author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short what can i do with a mac address of articles in quotation marks.
Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, when appropriate, the page number s :.
If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number s. If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Cote you're using and underline or italicize the title quoge, as vite version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underlinechapter, and verse.
Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited within another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source. Sources that take the form of a dialogue involving two or more participants have special guidelines papfr their quotation and citation.
Each line of dialogue should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. A period what is psp game sharing the name ti. After the period, write the dialogue. Each successive line after the first should receive an additional indentation. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name indented only half an inch.
Repeat this pattern each time the bow changes. You can include stage directions in the quote w they appear in the quotte source. Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source. Pleadingly Give me a drink, Rocky. Harry said it was all right. God, I need a drink. Avidly Thanks. He takes the bottle with both twitching hands and tilts it to his lips and gulps down the whiskey in big swallows.
With more and more scholarly work published on the Internet, you may have to cite sources you found in digital environments. While many sources on the Internet should not yow used for scholarly work reference the Ho Evaluating Sources of Information resourcesome Web sources are perfectly acceptable for research. When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page.
Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft kn citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers. However, these sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. How to cite a quote in a paper mla electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines:.
Herzog, Werner, dir. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, Yates, Jane. In the first example an online magazine articlethe writer has chosen not to include the author auote in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited. If the title of the article was xite named in the sentence, an abbreviated version papre appear in a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence.
Both corresponding Works Cited entries are as follows:. Taylor, Rumsey. Accessed 29 Sep. Accessed 2 April To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. When creating in-text citations for ma that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference.
For example: Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations, or common knowledge For example, it is expected that U. Remember that citing sources is a rhetorical task, and, as such, can vary based on your audience. The MLA Handbook describes too to cite many different kinds of authors and content creators. However, you may occasionally encounter a source or author category that the handbook does not describe, making the best way to proceed can be unclear.
In these cases, it's typically acceptable to apply the general principles of MLA citation to the new kind of source in a bow that's consistent and sensible. A good way to do this is to simply use the standard MLA directions for a type of source that resembles the source you want to cite. You may also want to investigate whether a third-party organization has provided directions for how to cite this kind of source.
In cases like this, however, it's a good idea to ask your instructor or supervisor whether using third-party citation guidelines might present problems. Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry un characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in oaper creative process Wordsworth, William.
Lyrical Ballads. Oxford UP, Human beings paaper been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3.
Works Quoted in Another Source
Feb 09, · MLA Citation Guide (MLA 8th Edition): Works Quoted in Another Source Works Quoted in Another Source Sometimes an author of a book, article or website will mention another person’s work by using a quotation or paraphrased idea from that source. (This may be called a secondary source.)Author: Rosalind Bucy.
Last Updated: March 29, References. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness.
There are 16 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 18, times. Learn more When writing a research paper or other report, you may find that you want to quote directly from a source.
These guidelines differ depending on the length of the quoted material. Additional rules apply if you want to change or omit words from the quoted material so it flows well with your own writing. Tip: The length of a quote refers to the length as typed in your paper, not the length as printed in the original source.
Tip: If you're using Microsoft Word, type the entire blockquote into your paper, starting on a new line. Then highlight the entire quote and press the tab key once to indent it correctly.
Tip: If you have to make too many changes to the source text, it may look cluttered and will negatively affect readability. Consider recasting your sentence or only quoting snippets of the source text, rather than using the full sentence. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers. Please log in with your username or email to continue.
Include punctuation inside the quotation marks only if they are part of the source text. For example, you might write: Freud considered a dream to be "the fulfillment of a wish.
Place your parenthetical citation immediately after the quote. Even if the quoted passage occurs in the middle of a sentence, the citation follows immediately.
An MLA in-text citation typically includes the name of the author and the page number. If the name of the author appears in your text, all you need is the page number. Remember to include a complete citation to the source in your Works Cited at the end of your paper.
Type punctuation marks after the parenthetical citation. Any punctuation marks that would follow the quoted text should follow your parenthetical citation. If the quoted text includes a closing punctuation mark within it, place a period after the closing parentheses. Use a slash between lines of poetry.
Method 2 of Make a free-standing blockquote for quotes longer than 4 lines. Start the quote on a new line and type the quote exactly as it appears in the source text, including punctuation. Do not enclose blockquotes in double quotation marks. Maintain double spacing in your blockquote just as in the rest of your paper. Write a signal phrase before the quote. Before you include a blockquote in your paper, introduce it with a signal phrase that tells the reader what information the blockquote conveys.
It's typically appropriate to include the author's name in the sentence introducing the blockquote. Include character names and hanging indentions for dramatic texts. Dramatic texts, including plays or screenplays, are formatted differently in blockquotes than other prose.
Type the character's name in all caps, followed by a period. Then type that character's lines. Use a hanging indention, indenting each character's lines after the first an additional. Use blockquote format when quoting more than one paragraph. Even if your quote is fewer than 4 lines, MLA style requires you to use blockquote format if there is a paragraph break in the middle of the text you want to quote.
Doing this preserves the paragraph break. Keep formatting close to the original when quoting poetry. Indent the entire quoted section. If the poet makes use of further indented lines or other spacing, try to approximate this as closely as you can.
Copy all line breaks and punctuation exactly as they appear in the source text. Place your parenthetical citation after the closing punctuation. Since the closing punctuation is part of the quotation, it stays with the quoted text.
Your parenthetical citation follows, without any punctuation after the closing parentheses. Just include the page number or page range where the quoted text can be found.
When quoting poetry, place the parenthetical citation at the end of the last quoted line, regardless of the punctuation. If the line doesn't have any closing punctuation, there's no need to add any either before or after your parenthetical citation. Method 3 of Use square brackets to clarify pronoun reference. If the portion of the source text you want to quote uses a pronoun, it may be necessary for you to explain to your readers who or what the source text is referring to.
Keep your description brief, and enclose it in square brackets immediately after the pronoun you wish to clarify. Your quote would read: "While they [introverted students] excelled at individual projects, they struggled with group projects. Include the word "sic" in square brackets after errors. If there is a spelling or grammatical error in the source text that you're quoting, do not correct it. Rather, add the word "sic" in square brackets immediately after the error.
This alerts your readers that the mistake was in the original, and not a result of your own mistyping. If a source has very many errors in the text, this may be an indication that it isn't reliable and probably shouldn't be used as a source at all. Avoid using "sic" to make a political or editorial statement about the language the source is using.
For example, if your source includes the word "mankind," you would be making a political or editorial statement to include a "sic" after the word. Even though in your view the word "humankind" may be more appropriate, "mankind" isn't grammatically incorrect. Note emphasis added in the parenthetical citation. You may wish to emphasize a particular part of something quoted, typically by italicizing it.
MLA rules allow this, provided you include the phrase "emphasis added" in your parenthetical citation, following the page number where the quoted text can be found. Indicate omissions with 3 spaced ellipsis points. When quoting a source text, only include material that you need. Any words that aren't needed can be omitted and replaced with ellipsis points.
It will look like 4 ellipsis points instead of 3. If there is other punctuation, such as a comma or a semi-colon, in the source text, retain that after your ellipsis. For example, a quote might read "Students enjoyed the individual projects. If you're quoting a source that uses ellipsis points as "suspension points," meant to indicate a hesitation or pause in speech rather than omitted words, put your own ellipsis points in brackets to distinguish them from the original text.
Put square brackets around any changes to the source text. Particularly with short quotations, you may need to alter the quoted passage so that it flows seamlessly with your own text. This may include changing an initial capital letter to lowercase, using different pronouns, or altering the tense of verbs or the plurality of the subject. To change the initial capital letter, you might write: Percy Bysshe Shelley argued that "[p]oets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world.
Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Submit a Tip All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Related wikiHows How to. How to. More References 7. About This Article. Co-authored by:. Co-authors: 2.