How to read a cholesterol test

how to read a cholesterol test

How To Read Your Lipid Panel Results

Jun 07,  · Cholesterol is a naturally occurring substance in the body that is an important part of normal body function.; Cholesterol has two main types: HDL, or good cholesterol, that protects against heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease; and LD, or bad, cholesterol, which increases the risk of these conditions.; Cholesterol tests measure total cholesterol as well as HDL and LDL levels. Total Cholesterol = HDL + LDL + TG/5. Normal TG levels fall below mg/dL. But it’s important to point out that TGs exist on a completely different scale as compared to HDL and LDL. The lowest TG reading I’ve ever seen (in a patient on no medications) is 27 mg/dL.

A complete cholesterol test — also called a lipid panel or lipid profile — is a blood test that can measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. A cholesterol test can help determine your risk of the buildup of plaques in your arteries that can lead to narrowed or blocked arteries throughout your body atherosclerosis. A cholesterol test is an important tool. High cholesterol levels often are a significant risk factor for coronary artery disease.

High cholesterol usually causes no signs or symptoms. A complete cholesterol test is done to determine whether your cholesterol is high and estimate your risk of developing heart attacks and other forms of heart disease and diseases of the blood vessels. A complete cholesterol test includes the calculation of four types of fats lipids in your blood:.

Adults what federal agency compiles dna profiles average risk of developing coronary artery disease should have their cholesterol checked every five years, beginning at age More-frequent testing might be needed if your initial test results were abnormal or if you already have coronary how to read a cholesterol test disease, you're taking cholesterol-lowering medications, or you're at higher risk of coronary artery disease because you:.

People with a history of heart attacks or strokes require regular cholesterol testing to monitor the effectiveness of their treatments.

For most children, the National Heart, Lung, how to build a simple electromagnet Blood Institute recommends one cholesterol screening test between the ages of 9 and 11, and another cholesterol screening test between the ages of 17 and how to read a cholesterol test If your child has a family history of early-onset coronary artery disease or a personal history of obesity or diabetes, your doctor might recommend earlier or more-frequent cholesterol testing.

There's little risk in getting a cholesterol test. You might have soreness or tenderness around the site where your blood is drawn. Rarely, the site can become infected. Generally you're required to fast, consuming no food or liquids other than water, for nine to 12 hours before what is the best peanut oil test.

Some cholesterol tests don't require fasting, so follow your doctor's instructions. A cholesterol test is a blood test, usually done in the morning since you'll need to fast for the most accurate results. Blood is drawn from a vein, usually from your arm. Before the needle is inserted, the puncture site is cleaned with antiseptic and an elastic band is wrapped around your upper arm. This causes the veins in your arm to fill with blood.

After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood is collected into a vial or syringe. The band is then removed to restore circulation, and how to read a cholesterol test continues to flow into the vial.

Once enough blood is collected, the needle is removed and the puncture site is covered with a bandage. There are no precautions you need to take after your cholesterol test. You should be able to drive yourself home and do all your normal activities. You might want to bring a snack to eat after your cholesterol test is done, if you've been fasting. How to read a cholesterol test the United States, cholesterol levels are measured in what led most directly to assembly line production mg of cholesterol per deciliter dL of blood.

To interpret your test results, use these general guidelines. These conversions are based on U. How to read a cholesterol test your results show that your cholesterol level is high, don't get discouraged. You might be able to lower your cholesterol with lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, exercising and eating a healthy diet. If lifestyle changes aren't enough, cholesterol-lowering medications also might help. Talk to your doctor about the best way for you to lower your cholesterol.

Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Request an appointment. Overview A complete cholesterol test — also called a lipid panel or lipid profile — is a blood test that can measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic.

Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Cholesterol. Lab Tests Online. American Association for Clinical Chemistry. Accessed Dec. How to get your cholesterol tested. American Heart Association. What is cholesterol? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Vijan S. Screening for lipid disorders. Good vs. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hyperlipidemia: Screening for coronary artery disease adult.

Rochester, Minn. Wilson PW. Overview of the risk equivalents and established risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Lipids and lipoproteins In: Expert panel on integrated guidelines for cardiovascular health and risk reduction in children and adolescents. News from Mayo Clinic Experimental cholesterol-lowering drug effective at lowering bad cholesterol, study shows Nov. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.

Best for people who have coronary artery disease — including a history of heart attacks, angina, stents or coronary bypass. Optimal for people at risk of coronary artery disease or who have a history of diabetes. Near optimal for people with uncomplicated coronary artery disease. Borderline high if there is no coronary artery disease. High if there is coronary artery disease.

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According to the Cleveland Clinic, if you’re under 20, you want the number to be between mg/dl as the desired level. People over 21 want to see mg/dl. Borderline high cholesterol levels are mg/dl and any number higher than mg/dl is too high. 2. LDL Level. As you already know, this is the “bad” cholesterol.

Begin typing your search above and press return to search. Press Esc to cancel. There are no symptoms of having high cholesterol. If your lipid panel results come back high, what do you do?

Heck, what does these numbers even mean? Lipids are fat-like substances found in your blood and body tissues. You need them in order for your body to function at all. There are several types of lipids in our bodies. While they are usually used as a substitution for the word fats, the strict definition is a substance like fat, oil or wax that can dissolve in alcohol, but not in water. Cholesterol and triglycerides are considered lipids, but so are fatty acids and steroids.

For a long time, cholesterol was considered just one thing. Cholesterol as a whole is not bad. Part of why there are diets that recommend avoiding cholesterol in your foods is because our livers actually make all the cholesterol we need to build cells.

So, whatever cholesterol our bodies get from food is above and beyond what we need. What does it all mean? Normal levels vary according to our age, so look at this number through that lens.

The lower the number here, the better off you are. Like with the overall number, there are levels to look for depending on your risk factors for heart disease. The risk factors hinge on things like family medical history, weight, etc. HDL is the cholesterol you want to have. In contrast to LDL levels, here you want to see a higher number.

The larger the number, the less likely you are to have heart disease. Triglycerides are excess calories that are stored in fat cells to use for energy later, between meals. You have to find out why. We, of course, include it in our lipid panel results. Now that you know what to look for, what do you do if your levels are not where they should be? The good news is you CAN do something. There are even some foods that help lower LDL cholesterol levels. To learn more about cholesterol, try taking our video quiz.

Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Overall Cholesterol Level Normal levels vary according to our age, so look at this number through that lens.

Triglycerides Level Triglycerides are excess calories that are stored in fat cells to use for energy later, between meals. To lower the numbers you want lowered, try the following: Quit smoking tobacco and limit how much alcohol you drink Avoid high-fat and high sodium foods Eat more vegetables, fruits, whole-grain products and nuts Exercise regularly — the goal is minutes of moderate aerobic activity a week Lose weight There are even some foods that help lower LDL cholesterol levels.

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