PIER: Peer to Peer Information Exchange and Retrieval: PIER: Progress in Electromagnetics Research: PIER: Physicians' Information and Education Resource (American College of Physicians) PIER: Public Information, Education and Relations: PIER: Pacific Islands Ecosystems At Risk: PIER: Programs in International Educational Resources (Yale University) PIER. What does PIER mean? pier, wharf, wharfage, dock (noun) a platform built out from the shore into the water and supported by piles; provides access to ships and boats.
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a pillar or post on which a gate or door is hung. a support of masonry, steel, or the like for sustaining vertical pressure. a long passageway or corridor that extends from a central area of a building, especially one at an airport that leads to boarding gates. SEE LESS. PIER Abbreviation. Percutaneous Intentional Extraluminal Recanalization. All Acronyms. PIER. Retrieved January 25, , from likeloveall.com All Acronyms. "PIER". . 26 rows · PIER Stands For: PIER HEAD JUMP. The practice of booking a cruise at the very last .
A pier is a raised structure that rises above a body of water and usually juts out from its shore , typically supported by piles or pillars , and provides above-water access to offshore areas.
Frequent pier uses include fishing , boat docking and access for both passengers and cargo , and oceanside recreation. Bridges, buildings, and walkways may all be supported by piers. Their open structure allows tides and currents to flow relatively unhindered, whereas the more solid foundations of a quay or the closely spaced piles of a wharf can act as a breakwater , and are consequently more liable to silting.
Piers can range in size and complexity from a simple lightweight wooden structure to major structures extended over 1, m 5, ft. In American English , a pier may be synonymous with a dock. Piers have been built for several purposes, and because these different purposes have distinct regional variances, the term pier tends to have different nuances of meaning in different parts of the world. Thus in North America and Australia , where many ports were, until recently, built on the multiple pier model, the term tends to imply a current or former cargo-handling facility.
In contrast, in Europe , where ports more often use basins and river-side quays than piers, the term is principally associated with the image of a Victorian cast iron pleasure pier.
However, the earliest piers pre-date the Victorian age. Piers can be categorized into different groupings according to the principal purpose. For example, pleasure piers often also allow for the docking of pleasure steamers and other similar craft, while working piers have often been converted to leisure use after being rendered obsolete by advanced developments in cargo-handling technology.
Many piers are floating piers, to ensure that the piers raise and lower with the tide along with the boats tied to them. This prevents a situation where lines become overly taut or loose by rising or lowering tides. An overly taut or loose tie-line can damage boats by pulling them out of the water or allowing them so much leeway that they bang forcefully against the sides of the pier.
Working piers were built for the handling of passengers and cargo onto and off ships or as at Wigan Pier canal boats. Working piers themselves fall into two different groups. Longer individual piers are often found at ports with large tidal ranges , with the pier stretching far enough off shore to reach deep water at low tide.
Such piers provided an economical alternative to impounded docks where cargo volumes were low, or where specialist bulk cargo was handled, such as at coal piers.
The other form of working pier, often called the finger pier, was built at ports with smaller tidal ranges. Here the principal advantage was to give a greater available quay length for ships to berth against compared to a linear littoral quayside, and such piers are usually much shorter. Typically each pier would carry a single transit shed the length of the pier, with ships berthing bow or stern in to the shore.
Some major ports consisted of large numbers of such piers lining the foreshore, classic examples being the Hudson River frontage of New York , or the Embarcadero in San Francisco. The advent of container shipping , with its need for large container handling spaces adjacent to the shipping berths, has made working piers obsolete for the handling of general cargo, although some still survive for the handling of passenger ships or bulk cargos.
The Progreso Pier supplies much of the peninsula with transportation for the fishing and cargo industries and serves as a port for large cruise ships in the area. Many other working piers have been demolished, or remain derelict, but some have been recycled as pleasure piers. The best known example of this is Pier 39 in San Francisco.
At Southport and the Tweed River on the Gold Coast in Australia , there are piers that support equipment for a sand bypassing system that maintains the health of sandy beaches and navigation channels. Pleasure piers were first built in Britain during the early 19th century. At that time the introduction of the railways for the first time permitted mass tourism to dedicated seaside resorts.
The large tidal ranges at many such resorts meant that for much of the day, the sea was not visible from the shore. The pleasure pier was the resorts' answer, permitting holidaymakers to promenade over and alongside the sea at all times. Providing a walkway out to sea, pleasure piers often include amusements and theatres as part of their attractions. Sometimes a pier has two decks. Galveston Island Historic Pleasure Pier in Galveston , Texas has a roller coaster, 15 rides, carnival games and souvenir shops.
Early pleasure piers were of wooden construction, with the first iron pleasure pier being Margate Jetty, opened in First opened as a wooden pier in , it was reconstructed in iron and completed in In a UK poll, the public voted the seaside pier onto the list of icons of England.
Many piers are built for the purpose of providing boatless anglers access to fishing grounds that are otherwise inaccessible. Free Piers are often primarily used for fishing. See the List of piers article for details of piers in countries across the world. In Blankenberge a first pleasure pier was built in After its destruction in the World War I , a new pier was built in It remained till the present day, but was partially transformed and modernized in — In Nieuwpoort, Belgium there is a pleasure pier on both sides of the river IJzer.
Scheveningen , the coastal resort town of The Hague , boasts the largest pier in the Netherlands , completed in A crane, built on top of the pier's panorama tower, provides the opportunity to make a metre ft high bungee jump over the North Sea waves. The present pier is a successor of an earlier pier, which was completed in but in destroyed by the German occupation forces. The first recorded pier in England was Ryde Pier , opened in on the Isle of Wight , as a landing stage to allow ferries to and from the mainland to berth.
It is still used for this purpose today. The oldest cast iron pier in the world is Gravesend town pier , in Kent , which opened in However, it is not recognised by the National Piers Society as being a seaside pier. Following the building of the world's first seaside pier at Ryde, the pier became fashionable at seaside resorts in England and Wales during the Victorian era , peaking in the s with 22 being built in that decade. The Birnbeck Pier in Weston-super-Mare is the only pier in the world linked to an island.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Raised structure in a body of water, typically supported by well-spaced piles or pillars. For other uses, see Pier disambiguation. National Piers Society Archived from the original on September 29, Retrieved February 24, Financial Times. BBC News. Retrieved January 28, News Article. Galveston Daily News. Archived from the original on January 31, The Telegraph. Culture 24 News. University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point.
Retrieved January 6, October 6, Retrieved June 6, February 9, Retrieved March 26, Ashgate Publishing. ISBN Categories : Piers Coastal construction Marine architecture. Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from January Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with NARA identifiers.
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