What types of autoimmune disorders are there

what types of autoimmune disorders are there

Autoimmune diseases

Anti-GBM/Anti-TBM nephritis. Antiphospholipid syndrome. Autoimmune angioedema. Autoimmune dysautonomia. Autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Autoimmune hepatitis. Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) Autoimmune myocarditis. Autoimmune oophoritis. 40 rows Possibly symptomatic of autoimmune diseases, but not a disease or a cause of disease.

This list of autoimmune diseases is categorized by organ and tissue type to help locate diseases that may be similar. This list includes conditions that are not diseases but signs common to autoimmune disease. Some, such as chronic fatigue syndrome, are controversial. At this time, there is not sufficient evidence direct, indirect, or circumstantialto indicate that these diseases are caused by autoimmunity.

These conditions are included here because:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources. Journal of Theoretical Biology. PMC PMID The autoimmune diseases Fifth ed. Chapter ISBN Interstitial as a participating disease in lupus erythematosus]".

World Journal of Gastroenterology. Archived from the original on Retrieved S2CID Clinical and Experimental Immunology. Annals of the What are the signs of having a girl Diseases. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Indian Journal of Dermatology. Robbins Basic Pathology. Philadelphia: Saunders.

Archives of Dermatology. Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. Annals of Internal Medicine. Archived from the original on 3 September European Journal of Endocrinology. Obstetrics and Gynecology. Gastroenterology Nursing. Current Opinion in Immunology. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology. Archived from the original on 9 May Seminars in Hematology. The Lancet. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

Nature Reviews Rheumatology. The Journal of Rheumatology. Eric February Journal of Autoimmunity. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology. Journal of Immunology. CiteSeerX Clinical Neurophysiology. A clinical analysis of 55 anti-Yo antibody-positive patients". Annals what types of autoimmune disorders are there Neurology. Autoimmunity Reviews. Rinsho Shinkeigaku. Journal of Neuroimmunology. New England Journal how to cook frozen dumplings Medicine.

European Journal of Neurology. What types of autoimmune disorders are there Sclerosis Journal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Bibcode : PNAS. Science Translational Medicine.

Nida February American Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal of Experimental Medicine. Archives of Neurology. Acta Oto-Laryngologica. Jennette; R. Falk; P. Bacon; et al. January May The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics. Trends in Parasitology. Nature Medicine. Nature Genetics. BBC News. Heart Failure Reviews. Clinical and Developmental Immunology. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Archived from the original on 10 May Swiss Medical Weekly. Archived PDF from the original on 14 April American Journal of Psychiatry.

Immunology and Cell Biology. Categories : Autoimmune diseases Lists of diseases. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.

A disease, regarded as autoimmune, that is often found in individuals with another autoimmune condition. This designation is given to diseases that are classified by Rose and What types of autoimmune disorders are there as having "circumstantial" evidence of autoimmune etiology.

Diseases in this list with a "C" are, therefore, actual autoimmune diseases, rather than comorbid symptoms, which appear after this list. Disease appeared in prior version but has been renamed. How to download graphic card renaming, precedence has been given to scientific names over those based on discoverers.

An extremely rare disease, which would suggest limited opportunity to study it and conclusively determine whether it is caused by autoimmunity. Myocarditis [1] [2]. Postmyocardial infarction syndrome [2]. Autoantibodies: Myocardial neo-antigens formed as a result of the MI. Synonym: Dressler's syndrome. Postpericardiotomy syndrome. Subacute bacterial endocarditis SBE [3].

Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane nephritis [4].

Autoimmune Disease List

Scientists know about more than 80 autoimmune diseases. Some are well known, such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis, while others are rare and difficult to diagnose. With unusual autoimmune diseases, patients may suffer years before getting a proper diagnosis. Most of these diseases have no cure. Mar 26, 14 common autoimmune diseases 1. Type 1 diabetes 2. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) 3. Psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis 4. Multiple sclerosis 5. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) 6. Inflammatory bowel disease 7. Addisons disease 8. Graves disease 9. Sjogrens syndrome Hashimotos thyroiditis Apr 02, An autoimmune disorder occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue by mistake. There are more than 80 types of autoimmune disorders.

All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Body parts that can be affected by autoimmune diseases click to expand. The javascript used in this widget is not supported by your browser. Please enable JavaScript for full functionality.

Our bodies have an immune system, which is a complex network of special cells and organs that defends the body from germs and other foreign invaders.

Many diseases of the immune system, also known as autoimmune diseases, are more common in women than in men. Learn about the different types of autoimmune diseases that affect women. At the core of the immune system is the ability to tell the difference between self and nonself: what's you and what's foreign.

A flaw can make the body unable to tell the difference between self and nonself. When this happens, the body makes autoantibodies AW-toh-AN-teye-bah-deez that attack normal cells by mistake. At the same time, special cells called regulatory T cells fail to do their job of keeping the immune system in line. The result is a misguided attack on your own body. This causes the damage we know as autoimmune disease. The body parts that are affected depend on the type of autoimmune disease.

There are more than 80 known types. Overall, autoimmune diseases are common, affecting more than They are a leading cause of death and disability. Some autoimmune diseases are rare, while others, such as Hashimoto's disease, affect many people. The diseases listed here either are more common in women than men or affect many women and men. They are listed in alphabetical order. Although each disease is unique, many share hallmark symptoms, such as fatigue, dizziness, and low-grade fever.

For many autoimmune diseases, symptoms come and go, or can be mild sometimes and severe at others. When symptoms go away for a while, it's called remission. Flares are the sudden and severe onset of symptoms. The immune system attacks hair follicles the structures from which hair grows. It usually does not threaten health, but it can greatly affect the way a person looks.

Patchy hair loss on the scalp, face, or other areas of your body. A disease that causes problems in the inner lining of blood vessels resulting in blood clots in arteries or veins. Blood clots in veins or arteries Multiple miscarriages Lacy, net-like red rash on the wrists and knees. The immune system attacks and destroys the liver cells. This can lead to scarring and hardening of the liver, and possibly liver failure. Fatigue Enlarged liver Yellowing of the skin or whites of eyes Itchy skin Joint pain Stomach pain or upset Celiac disease.

A disease in which people can't tolerate gluten, a substance found in wheat, rye, and barley, and also some medicines. When people with celiac disease eat foods or use products that have gluten, the immune system responds by damaging the lining of the small intestines. Abdominal bloating and pain Diarrhea or constipation Weight loss or weight gain Fatigue Missed menstrual periods Itchy skin rash Infertility or miscarriages Diabetes type 1.

A disease in which your immune system attacks the cells that make insulin, a hormone needed to control blood sugar levels. As a result, your body cannot make insulin.

Without insulin, too much sugar stays in your blood. High blood sugar can hurt the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and gums and teeth. But the most serious problem caused by diabetes is heart disease. Being very thirsty Urinating often Feeling very hungry or tired Losing weight without trying Having sores that heal slowly Dry, itchy skin Losing the feeling in your feet or having tingling in your feet Having blurry eyesight Graves' disease overactive thyroid.

A disease that causes the thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone. The immune system attacks the nerves that connect your brain and spinal cord with the rest of your body. Damage to the nerves makes it hard for them to transmit signals. As a result, the muscles have trouble responding to the brain. Weakness or tingling feeling in the legs that might spread to the upper body Paralysis in severe cases Symptoms often progress relatively quickly, over a period of days or weeks, and often occur on both sides of the body.

Hashimoto's hah-shee-MOH-tohz disease underactive thyroid. A disease that causes the thyroid to not make enough thyroid hormone.

The immune system destroys the red blood cells. Yet the body can't make new red blood cells fast enough to meet the body's needs. As a result, your body does not get the oxygen it needs to function well, and your heart must work harder to move oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. A disease in which the immune system destroys blood platelets, which are needed for blood to clot. Very heavy menstrual period Tiny purple or red dots on the skin that might look like a rash.

A disease that causes chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. Abdominal pain Diarrhea, which may be bloody Some people also have:. A group of diseases that involve muscle inflammation and muscle weakness. Polymyositis pol-ee-meye-uh-SYT-uhss and dermatomyositis dur-muh-toh-meye-uh-SYT-uhss are 2 types more common in women than men. Slow but progressive muscle weakness beginning in the muscles closest to the trunk of the body. Polymyositis affects muscles involved with making movement on both sides of the body.

With dermatomyositis, a skin rash comes before or at the same time as muscle weakness. May also have:. A disease in which the immune system attacks the protective coating around the nerves. The damage affects the brain and spinal cord.

A disease in which the immune system attacks the nerves and muscles throughout the body. Double vision, trouble keeping a steady gaze, and drooping eyelids Trouble swallowing, with frequent gagging or choking Weakness or paralysis Muscles that work better after rest Drooping head Trouble climbing stairs or lifting things Trouble talking Primary biliary cirrhosis BIL-ee-air-ee sur-ROH-suhss. The immune system slowly destroys the liver's bile ducts. Bile is a substance made in the liver.

It travels through the bile ducts to help with digestion. When the ducts are destroyed, the bile builds up in the liver and hurts it. The damage causes the liver to harden and scar, and eventually stop working. A disease that causes new skin cells that grow deep in your skin to rise too fast and pile up on the skin surface. Thick red patches, covered with scales, usually appearing on the head, elbows, and knees Itching and pain, which can make it hard to sleep, walk, and care for yourself May have:.

A disease in which the immune system attacks the lining of the joints throughout the body. Painful, stiff, swollen, and deformed joints Reduced movement and function May have:.

A disease causing abnormal growth of connective tissue in the skin and blood vessels. A disease in which the immune system targets the glands that make moisture, such as tears and saliva. A disease that can damage the joints, skin, kidneys, heart, lungs, and other parts of the body.

Also called SLE or lupus. Fever Weight loss Hair loss Mouth sores Fatigue "Butterfly" rash across the nose and cheeks Rashes on other parts of the body Painful or swollen joints and muscle pain Sensitivity to the sun Chest pain Headache, dizziness, seizure, memory problems, or change in behavior Vitiligo vit-ihl-EYE-goh.

The immune system destroys the cells that give your skin its color. It also can affect the tissue inside your mouth and nose. White patches on areas exposed to the sun, or on armpits, genitals, and rectum Hair turns gray early Loss of color inside your mouth. But they often have symptoms of some autoimmune disease, like being tired all the time and pain. Getting a diagnosis can be a long and stressful process.

Although each autoimmune disease is unique, many share some of the same symptoms. And many symptoms of autoimmune diseases are the same for other types of health problems too. This makes it hard for doctors to find out if you really have an autoimmune disease, and which one it might be. But if you are having symptoms that bother you, it's important to find the cause. Don't give up if you're not getting any answers. You can take these steps to help find out the cause of your symptoms:.

Juggling your health care needs among many doctors and specialists can be hard. But specialists, along with your main doctor, may be helpful in managing some symptoms of your autoimmune disease. If you see a specialist, make sure you have a supportive main doctor to help you. Often, your family doctor may help you coordinate care if you need to see one or more specialists.

Here are some specialists who treat autoimmune diseases:. There are many types of medicines used to treat autoimmune diseases. The type of medicine you need depends on which disease you have, how severe it is, and your symptoms. Treatment can do the following:.

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